With defense budgets shrinking world wide, a successful national defense will increasingly depend on the successful use of international cooperative programs (ICPs). Failure of the DOD to recognize and deal with its shortcomings in ICP management could result in increased costs and a decreased willingness of foreign countries and firms to participate in these programs with the U.S. The foundation of all ICPs is the Memorandum Of Understanding (MOU). These complex documents detail the roles and responsibilities of each participating nation. Because of their importance and intricate nature, negotiating MOUs can take months and even years. This research will outline the MOU process from its very inception as a potential cooperative program to its consummation as an actual international agreement.